Probably the most renowned open-source JS framework, AngularJS is used for working on frontend and is based on the MVC architecture. It was created by the development team at mighty Google back in 2009 and is still actively used in some of their web services to this day.
We can safely say that AngularJS is a perfect solution for collaborative work in large teams. It allows you to separate DOM manipulations from business logic. Using two-way binding, this framework provides a one-to-one correspondence between components. This means that any changes to these components are instantly reflected in the View and vice versa.
Also, AngularJS has everything you need to create classic web applications that interact with DBMS: form validation, routing, deep linking, component reuse, dependency injection, tools for interacting with the server (RESTful) data sources, tools for modular and end-to-end testing, etc.
On the flip side of things, Angular is pretty complex to learn. If you are planning to work with this coding language at all, you will have to master a specific extension of initial JS capabilities – TypeScript. It also delivers quite heavyweight end solutions – upon its creation, a new project packs up a load of system files by default.
Ember employs Babel (which is necessary for the support of ES2016), boasts compatibility with the advanced Testem and QTest testing environments, supports the Broccoli.js collector, deep links and the Handlebar template engine, provides interactive reloading of web pages, features two-way data binding and the Fastboot.js module (which provides fast rendering of the DOM on the server-side).
Ember.js is not hard to study, with tons of online tutorials and dedicated literature available online. In part due to its extensive accessibility, the framework was deemed a top solution in the niche in 2015, stamping out Angular and React (which we discuss below). Currently, Ember is employed by over 100 thousand websites.
React, like its main rival Vue, is only a View component (which makes it lightweight) and is considered to be practically the best choice for creating interactive solutions as well as solutions with dynamically updated content.
By using a Virtual DOM instead of the “full-fledged” DOM, React allows creating very fast interfaces. All in all, the library is fun to learn, flexible due to featuring two-way data binding and pretty well integrated with other libraries and software tools.
Many developers consider React to be next to the most versatile web development tool out there.
Thus, this framework has a simple, accessible interface, demonstrates excellent performance (which is largely due to the support of Virtual DOM), and is well-compatible with third-party libraries.
In essence, it is only a View component (not a “heavyweight” MVC framework like Angular), therefore, it requires additional tools to work on the UI, such as Redux.
Last but not least, we cannot but welcome the overall accessibility of mastering this tool. All you need are some JS, HTML, and CSS basics and you’re good to go with Vue.
Previously, Vue.js was a bit frowned upon because of the absence of well-structured documentation. Up to date, however, this particular issue is not relevant. All in all, this sure is a great tool for working on small-scale projects.
Completing our top frameworks for web development Meteor is another popular JS framework that, in addition to creating a frontend, offers a bunch of tools for backend development, database management, and rendering business logic. Created back in 2012, it gradually turned into a full-stack platform for iOS Android and web development. Currently, it is based on more than 50 thousand sites around the world, and this number continues to grow rapidly.
Last but not least in our top list of frameworks for web development, Meteor is a JS framework in high demand that, apart from being good for frontend programming, offers numerous tools for backend development, database management, and business logic handling as well.
Created back in 2012, it has gradually turned into a full-stack platform for iOS Android and web development. Currently, more than 50 thousand websites are based on this framework and the number keeps growing.
Meteor.js is a high-performance solution that covers all stages of the software development cycle and takes care of processes such as linking, file concatenation, etc. Moreover, it allows you to implement asynchronous server programming thanks to the built-in Fibers and is characterized by a perfectly designed abstraction for working with data through collections and calling server methods.
Developers mostly prefer this framework for convenient software deployment as well as ample opportunities for automatic optimization and recompilation of code.
Therefore, if you are looking for something universal and high-speed, you should take a look at this solution, which will allow you to create iOS, Android and web apps freely.
Which Framework Should You Choose?
It is kind of impossible to say straight which of the above frameworks for web development will be better for you. For example, Angular is suitable mainly for large projects, React provides unrivaled flexibility and compatibility while Vue is great for smaller teams working on simpler solutions and Ember can be compared with the old Angular that is easier to master.
To summarize our brief overview of tools for web development in 2020, as you can see, the choice of a particular framework will essentially depend on the scale of your project, the level of knowledge of programmers, as well as their requirements for flexibility and integration with third-party solutions. We hope that we helped you make the choice and see which particular frameworks promise to be the most useful for developers in 2020.